The Evolution of Modern Tennis Technique and Footwork

    The Evolution of Modern Tennis Technique and Footwork can be traced back to the early beginnings of the game. This article will look at the evolution of these important components of the game. We’ll examine their origins and development and discuss how they have affected the game. We’ll also discuss the various methods used to hit the ball. You’ll have a better understanding of the game’s nuances after reading this article.


    The modern game of tennis evolved from the ancient sport known as lawn tennis. Major Walter C. Wingfield invented the game in 1873. This game incorporated elements of other sports, including squash and basketball, which is why it is known as “lawn tennis.”

    One of the most fundamental and essential parts of modern tennis technique is the footwork. Players should be able to perform seven basic shots, or contact moves. Each one defines a player’s style and strategy. As an example, a top player will perform the forehand using the same footwork, but also the backhand from the opposite service box. Most competent players are capable of performing all eight shots in tennis.

    The most common tennis stroke is the groundstroke, which a player hits with either a forehand or a backhand. Players with powerful forehands and backhands typically dominate rallies, although the backhand is more accurate. Depending on the situation, a player can hit a forehand with topspin or a backhand with flat groundstroke. The forehand is typically the most powerful shot during a rally, while a player with a strong backhand is likely to hit more shots.

    As the game of tennis evolves, the importance of technique increases. The development of modern tennis technique and footwork depends heavily on biomechanics. All strokes have a mechanical structure. This mechanical structure is the root cause of most sports injuries, so developing players based on science is a good way to foster flair and minimize the risk of injury. The key to a well-balanced swing is to develop a good footwork pattern.


    The basic strokes of tennis are groundstrokes and forehands. Most tennis players use their forehands as their primary weapons during rallies. However, the backhand groundstroke is more efficient. Tennis pros are incorporating rotational “twist” movements into their forehand technique. This has led to a more explosive, powerful forehand. In addition to the four basic shots, most competent players have eight other variations of these shots.

    Traditional footwork involved striking the ball with a squared foot in a closed stance. This required extra steps when hitting the ball and resulted in longer recovery distances. Additionally, modern tennis racquets have faster recovery times and faster point tempos. For a modern tennis player to succeed, footwork is essential. As tennis has evolved, footwork has also evolved to adapt to the changing pace of the game.

    Tennis forehand technique has undergone significant change during the last decade. Top pros on the tour have learned to maximize their power, accuracy, and topspin in their forehands. As a result, they are now hitting balls that are harder, faster, and more penetrative than ever before. The evolution of tennis forehand technique has made it easier for players to adapt to the fast-paced game.

    In the intermediate level, players will continue to learn the basic elements of tennis technique and footwork. In this class, players will learn how to move on the court efficiently with sound tennis footwork patterns. A dedicated nutritionist will be on hand to help players achieve their goals, but the emphasis is on teaching the modern game. The progression from a beginner to a high-level professional can be accelerated through the use of the right footwork and technique.

    Impact on game

    The impact of modern tennis technique and footwork on the game can be seen in a player’s forehand. The forehand technique involves coordinating the four main body links to construct a correct action when the player touches the ball and increases power on the return. The following figure illustrates the proper forehand technique. The correct foot placement is critical in the forehand movement, so the correct alignment of the feet is vital.

    In the past, tennis footwork was not as important, as it is today. In fact, champions of old rarely played from the baseline and most rallies ended in a net. The point was won by the player who dictated the pace and direction of the game. Today, tennis players have to be quick on their feet, be able to move side to side, and recognize an incoming ball quickly.

    In contrast, the forehand technique of top players like Roger Federer and Bjorn Borg is similar, but it was performed with traditional closed-stance hitting. Moreover, the technique cannot be combined with wooden rackets. As a result, many professionals and amateur players argue about which technique is better. This debate has the potential to lead to a reformed tennis game. For those who are not sure, try it first.

    Methods of hitting ball

    There are many methods of hitting the ball in tennis, but the most common one is the cross-step and shuffle. You will be doing a cross-step forwards and backwards. A shuffle is used for balls in the middle distance and within a few steps. The shuffle is also a good way to recover from an opponent’s serve. A side shuffle is a great recovery technique, because you can move east or west depending on where the ball is headed.

    A neutral stance is best for attacking shots from the mid-court. You want to make sure you are prepared to hit the ball with a short backswing. You should also try to jump forward when hitting the ball. It will help you hit the ball with more power. The open stance is ideal for hitting forehands, but you can also use it for your backhand. You’ll want to keep the ball in your backhand’s path to hit a volley.

    A right-handed player needs to move their right foot to hit a forehand. This way, they can pivot to the center of the court while still keeping the ball on the outside of their right foot. This technique is called the “Load and Explode” method, and is a classic tennis stroke. In contrast, the left-handed player needs to rotate their foot to hit a backhand.

    Variations in forehand technique

    There are several stances in tennis and each one serves a different purpose. Typically, players use a neutral or open stance. In an open stance, the player aligns his feet parallel to the net, while in a closed stance the player aligns his hips nearly 180 degrees away from the net. When hitting a forehand, the open stance is ideal for hitting forehands at the baseline, while a closed stance is better for players who hit forehands over the net.

    Despite the importance of forehand mechanics, research has not explored it as extensively as that for the serve. This article summarizes forehand mechanics research and evaluates it in conjunction with coach-led development of the stroke. The findings indicate the importance of pelvic and trunk rotation, as well as shoulder internal rotation, when playing the forehand. However, this research cannot help the coach learn the proper forehand.

    The best forehand technique begins with the right grip. When hitting a forehand, a tennis player should keep a loose grip, allowing the wrist to do the majority of the work. As the last segment of the forehand, the wrist is essential to its proper execution. It is vital not to shift weight in the wrong direction or recover too early. A proper forehand technique should also be quick and powerful.

    Impact on footwork

    Today’s players rely heavily on their footwork. Previously, tennis footwork was less important, with champions rarely playing at the baseline. Instead, they would rally at the net, and whoever dictated the point would end it. Modern tennis requires players to quickly move side to side and laterally while serving and volleying. Players must also be quick to identify an incoming ball. Fortunately, tennis footwork has evolved over the years.

    The forehand is a continuous process, with the frame bending moderately to spin the ball. Nevertheless, the leg and body remain a coordinated chain for power and speed transmission. Likewise, players need to understand the role of biomechanics in the development of tennis footwork. The following table shows the difference between an accurate and a wrong action. Using these two charts as a guide, players can make more effective decisions about their tennis footwork and technique.

    High-level players demonstrated superior foot motor control during cross-step footwork, with smaller RoM of the forefoot-rearfoot joints and higher relative loads on the plantar toes, lateral forefoot, and rearfoot. Additionally, the researchers noted that players who executed a more efficient knee flexion-extension and leg drive showed lower shoulder and elbow loading during cross-step footwork.

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